Monghyr Jamalpur

Munger – A Brief Outline

Situated in 250-23’ N. and 860-26’ E. It is the headquarter of MUNGER Commissionary. The town is practically surrounded by the Ganga on three sides, viz. south west and north and the Kharagpur hills forming the eastern border. It is situated in the heart of the district and its particular location has made portion of the town a beauty spot. The situation was once considered to be strategic. Munger has a beautiful townscape. Prior to the CENSUS OF INDIA- 1971, Monghyr was in vogue as its name.

Munger District is located in the southern part of Bihar and its headquarter is located on the southern bank of river Ganges. The district is spread over 1419.7 Sq. km. accounting for 3.3% of the area of Bihar . It lies between 240 22 N to 250 30 N latitude and 850 30 E to 870 3 E longitude. From administrative and development point of view,Munger is divided into three subdivisions namely Munger,Kharagpur, and Tarapur. There are nine developmental blocks namely Munger, Bariarpur, Jamalpur, Dharahara, Kharagpur, Tetia Bambar,Tarapur Asarganj and Sangrampur. There are about 903 villages in the district. The Munger district on an average is 30 to 65 mtrs above sea level. The average annual rainfall is 1231 mm.

Jamalpur (जमालपुर, बिहार) is a town and a municipality in Munger district in the Indian state of Bihar.

Jamalpur, the name literally means beautiful (Jamal-) town (-pur) and that is a literal description of the place. Jamalpur is best known for its large railway workshop (कारखाना) in the Eastern Railway Zone (India) and the railway institute IRIMEE (The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering). Jamalpur is best known as a very large workshop on the East Indian Railway, employing over 25,000 people at one time. The town was established during the British Raj and the cultural hub at that time was the Railway Institute. The Railway Institute was huge – it had its own movie theatre, a six-lane swimming pool, four tennis courts, two billiard rooms and a bowling lawn. Its dances were renowned and railway folk came from all over the East India Railway (EIR) to attend.

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